For more information on the Hamzanama and Mughal India


To see and learn more about the paintings from the Hamzanama

The Smithsonian Museum’s online exhibit:

Galbi, Douglas: “Hamzanama of Akbar: A Masterpiece of Art from the Islamic World.”

To learn more about Mughal India

The British Museum’s interactive website:

To learn more about art in South and Southeast Asia

The Asia Society’s educational website:

The Metropolitan Museum’s website:

To learn about how the Hamzanama paintings were acquired by Victoria and Albert Museum:


Seyller, John, Ebba Koch and Rainald Franz. The Adventures of Hamza: Painting and Storytelling in Mughal India. Washington DC: Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, 2002.

Stronge, Susan. Painting for the Mughal Emperor: The Art of the Book 1560–1660. London: Victoria & Albert Museum, 2002.

Eraly, Abraham. Emperors of the Peacock Throne: The Saga of the Great Moghuls. India: Penguin Books India, 2001.

Schimmel, Annemarie. The Empire of the Great Mughals: History, Art and Culture. India: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Gascoigne, Bamber. The Great Moguls. London: Jonathan Cape, 1971.

Berinstain, Valerie. Mughal India: Splendours of the Peacock Throne. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd., 1998.

Faridany-Akhavan, Zahra. “All the King's Toys.” Muqarnas: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture, Volume X (1993) : page numbers 292 to 298.